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Journal Articles Molecular Ecology Resources Year : 2019

A guinea fowl genome assembly provides new evidence on evolution following domestication and selection in galliformes

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Alain Vignal

Abstract

The helmeted guinea fowl Numida meleagris belongs to the order Galliformes. Its natural range includes a large part of sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal to Eritrea and from Chad to South Africa. Archaeozoological and artistic evidence suggest domestication of this species may have occurred about 2,000 years BP in Mali and Sudan primarily as a food resource, although villagers also benefit from its capacity to give loud alarm calls in case of danger, of its ability to consume parasites such as ticks and to hunt snakes, thus suggesting its domestication may have resulted from a commensal association process. Today, it is still farmed in Africa, mainly as a traditional village poultry, and is also bred more intensively in other countries, mainly France and Italy. The lack of available molecular genetic markers has limited the genetic studies conducted to date on guinea fowl. We present here a first-generation whole-genome sequence draft assembly used as a reference for a study by a Pool-seq approach of wild and domestic populations from Europe and Africa. We show that the domestic populations share a higher genetic similarity between each other than they do to wild populations living in the same geographical area. Several genomic regions showing selection signatures putatively related to domestication or importation to Europe were detected, containing candidate genes, most notably EDNRB2, possibly explaining losses in plumage coloration phenotypes in domesticated populations.
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hal-02617903 , version 1 (05-12-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Alain Vignal, Simon Boitard, Noémie Thébault, Guiguigbaza‐kossigan Dayo, Valentine Yapi‐gnaore, et al.. A guinea fowl genome assembly provides new evidence on evolution following domestication and selection in galliformes. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2019, 19 (4), pp.997-1014. ⟨10.1111/1755-0998.13017⟩. ⟨hal-02617903⟩
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