Shark Provisioning Influences the Gut Microbiota of the Black-Tip Reef Shark in French Polynesia - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fishes Year : 2022

Shark Provisioning Influences the Gut Microbiota of the Black-Tip Reef Shark in French Polynesia

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Abstract

There is an increasing interest in touristic observations of top predators in the wild. Sharks are probably the most sought-after animal in marine ecosystems by divers. Regulations have been put in place, and even if they are more or less respected, providing food is still used in some places in order to attract wild animals. Because of the difficulty in sampling shark guts, few studies have analyzed the microbiota of sharks, and none have evaluated the effect of feeding on this microbiota. In this work, we compare microbiota assemblages of black-tip sharks between sites with and without regular feeding. Our results revealed a significant feeding effect on both alpha and beta diversities of microbiota. Notably, the alpha diversity of fed sharks was lower than unfed sharks. We hypothesize that this result is related to a lower diversity of food intake by sharks in places where feeding is regularly provided. More studies need to be conducted in order to estimate the impact of feeding on shark physiology.
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Dates and versions

hal-03835359 , version 1 (31-10-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Anaïs Esposito, Pierre Sasal, Éric Clua, Emese Meglécz, Camille Clerissi. Shark Provisioning Influences the Gut Microbiota of the Black-Tip Reef Shark in French Polynesia. Fishes, 2022, 7 (6), pp.312. ⟨10.3390/fishes7060312⟩. ⟨hal-03835359⟩
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