Spatial pattern induced by asymmetric competition: a modelling approach

Abstract : The paper addresses the question: how does asymmetric competition for light aoeect the spatial pattern of trees? It is based on an individual­ based spatially explicit model of forest dynamics, whose growth equations are derived from gap models. The model is calibrated on a stand of natural rainforest in French Guiana, where the tree pattern exhibits regularity at short distances (< 10 m) and clustering at medium distances (~ 30 m). The model reproduces the regularity but not the clustering. As mortality and recruitment have been modelled so as to favor a random pattern, we conclude that regularity emerges from the asymmetric competition in the growth submodel. Also the scale at which regularity appears is linked to the range of interactions between trees.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Natural Resource Modeling, Rocky Mountain Mathematics Consortium, 2001, 14 (1), pp.147-175
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http://hal.cirad.fr/cirad-00145197
Contributeur : Nicolas Picard <>
Soumis le : mercredi 9 mai 2007 - 10:35:57
Dernière modification le : mercredi 29 novembre 2017 - 15:50:52

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  • HAL Id : cirad-00145197, version 1

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Nicolas Picard, Avner Bar-Hen, Alain Franc. Spatial pattern induced by asymmetric competition: a modelling approach. Natural Resource Modeling, Rocky Mountain Mathematics Consortium, 2001, 14 (1), pp.147-175. 〈cirad-00145197〉

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