Genetic inferences about the population dynamics of codling moth females at a local scale

Abstract : Estimation of demographic parameters is important for understanding the functioning of natural populations and the underlying ecological and evolutionary processes that may impact their dynamics. Here, we used sibship assignment methods to estimate the local dynamics of codling moth females in eight orchards in a 90-ha domain near Valence, France. Based on full-sib inference among 1,063 genotyped moths, we estimated i) the effective number of females that had offspring, ii) their fertility and iii) the distribution of their oviposition sites within and among orchards. The average number of females in all the orchards increased between the first (~130) and the second (~235) annual generations. The average fertilities of the females were similar at each generation according to the host plant considered (apple, pear, or walnut), but differed between commercial (~10) and non-treated (~25) apple orchards. Females mainly clustered their eggs on contiguous trees along orchard borders, but they also occasionally dispersed their eggs among different orchards independently of the cultivated host plants or the inter-orchard distances (up to 698 m) during the second annual generation. The mean distance between two oviposition sites was 30 m. Sibship estimates of both the effective number of females and the inter-orchard migration rates (~5%) were in agreement with the observed genetic differentiation among the eight orchards (0.006
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Submitted on : Monday, November 28, 2011 - 3:34:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : cirad-00645747, version 1



Pierre Franck, Benoit Ricci, Etienne Klein, Jérôme Olivares, Sylvaine Simon, et al.. Genetic inferences about the population dynamics of codling moth females at a local scale. Towards a multi-scale approach for improving pest management. Methods for tracking movement and dispersal of insect pest individuals and populations, Oct 2011, Montpellier, France. 〈cirad-00645747〉



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