A. Direm, Bilans énergétiques et gaz à effet de serre des filières de production de biocarburants, Rapports techniques, Version définitive novembre, 2002.

A. Anton, F. Castells, and J. I. Montero, Land use indicators in life cycle assessment. Case study: The environmental impact of Mediterranean greenhouses, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.15, issue.5, pp.432-438, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.10.001

V. Antoni and D. Arrouays, Le stock de carbone dans les sols agricoles, 2007.

D. Arrouays, J. Balesdent, J. C. Germon, P. A. Jayet, J. F. Soussana et al., Mitigation of the greenhouse effect Increasing carbon stocks in French agricultural soils? Scientific Assessment Unit for Expertise, Synthesis of an Assessment Report by the French Institute for, INRA) on request of the French Ministry for Ecology and Sustainable Development, 2002.

D. Arrouays, W. Deslais, and V. Badeau, The carbon content of topsoil and its geographical distribution in France, Soil Use Manage, pp.7-11, 2001.

Z. G. Bai, D. L. Dent, L. Olsson, and M. E. Schaepman, Global Assessment of Land Degradation and Improvement, FAO LADA working paper, 2007.

Z. G. Bai, D. L. Dent, L. Olsson, and M. E. Schaepman, Global Assessment of Land Degradation and Improvement. 1 Identification by remote sensing, ISRIC ? World Soil Information, 2008.

M. Balat, H. Balat, and C. Öz, Progress in bioethanol processing, Progress in Energy Combustion Science, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pecs.2007.11.001

J. Balesdent, C. Chenu, and M. Balabane, Relationship of soil organic matter dynamics to physical protection and tillage, Soil Till, Res, vol.53, pp.215-230, 2000.

B. C. Ball, I. Crichton, and G. W. Horgan, Dynamics of upward and downward N 2 Oa n dC O 2 fluxes in ploughed or no-tilled soils in relation to water-filled pore space, compaction and crop presence, Soil Till, Res, vol.101, pp.20-30, 2008.

H. W. Bange, New Directions: The importance of oceanic nitrous oxide emissions, Atmospheric Environment, vol.40, issue.1, pp.198-199, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.09.030

C. Barbier, R. Baron, M. Colombier, and C. Boemare, Climate change policies; Analysis of sectoral changes in Europe, IDDRI/CIRED with the support of ADEME, 2004.

J. C. Bare, P. Hofstetter, D. Pennington, and H. A. Udo-de-haes, Midpoints versus endpoints: The sacrifices and benefits, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.3, issue.4, pp.319-326, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02978665

U. Baserga, Fermentation de déchets organiques dans les installations agricoles de biogaz, Station fédérale de recherches en économie et technologie agricoles (FAT) CH-8356 Tänikon, FAT Rapports n ? 546, 2000.

C. Basset-mens, A. Anibar, P. Durand, and H. M. Van-der-werf, Spatialised fate factors for nitrate in catchments: Modelling approach and implication for LCA results, Science of The Total Environment, vol.367, issue.1, pp.367-382, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.12.026

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01460878

C. Basset-mens, H. M. Van-der-werf, P. Durnad, and P. Leterme, Implications of Uncertainty and Variability in the Life Cycle Assessment of Pig Production Systems(7 pp), The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.11, issue.5, pp.298-304, 2006.
DOI : 10.1065/lca2005.08.219

K. A. Baumert, T. Herzog, and J. Pershing, Navigating the Numbers; Greenhouse Gas Data and International Climate Policy. c World Resources Institute, 2005.

D. Beheydt, P. Boeckx, S. Sleutel, C. Li, and O. Van-cleemput, Validation of DNDC for 22 long-term N2O field emission measurements, Atmospheric Environment, vol.41, issue.29, pp.6196-6211, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.04.003

G. Berndes, M. Hoogwijk, and R. Van-den-broek, The contribution of biomass in the future global energy supply: a review of 17 studies, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.25, issue.1, pp.1-28, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00185-X

A. Björklund, Survey of approaches to improve reliability in lca, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.20, issue.3-4, pp.64-72, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02978849

H. Blottnitz-von and M. A. Curran, A review of assessments conducted on bio-ethanol as a transportation fuel from a net energy, greenhouse gas, and environmental life cycle perspective, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.15, issue.7, pp.607-619, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.03.002

I. J. Boer-de, Environmental impact assessment of conventional and organic milk production, Livestock Production Science, vol.80, issue.1-2, pp.69-77, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-6226(02)00322-6

S. Boeters, P. Veenendaal, N. Van-leeuwen, and H. Rojas-romagoza, The potential for biofuels alongside the EU-ETS, Paper for presentation at the Eleventh Annual GTAP Conference 'Future of Global Economy, 2008.

H. Boizard, G. Richard, J. Roger-estrade, C. Dürr, and J. Boiffin, Cumulative effects of cropping systems on the structure of the tilled layer in northern France, Soil and Tillage Research, vol.64, issue.1-2, pp.149-164, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00252-5

A. F. Bouwman, Method to estimate direct nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils, Report National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, vol.773004004, issue.28, 1994.

F. Brentrup, J. Küsters, H. Kuhlmann, and J. Lammel, Environmental impact assessment of agricultural production systems using the life cycle assessment methodology, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.20, issue.3, pp.247-264, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00024-8

C. A. Cardona and O. J. Sanchez, Fuel ethanol production: Process design trends and integration opportunities, Bioresource Technology, vol.98, issue.12, pp.2415-2457, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.002

C. Chapple, M. Ladisch, and R. Meilan, Loosening lignin's grip on biofuel production, Nature Biotechnology, vol.63, issue.7, pp.746-748, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/nbt0707-746

L. Chapuis-lardy, N. Wrage, A. Metay, J. L. Chottes, and M. Bernoux, O? A review, Global Change Biology, vol.11, issue.1, pp.1-17, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1990.tb19265.x

D. Chatskikh and J. Olesen, Soil tillage enhanced CO 2 and N 2 Oemissions from loamy sand soil under spring barley, Soil Till, Res, vol.97, pp.5-18, 2007.

C. Chenu, L. Bissonnais, Y. Arrouays, and D. , Organic Matter Influence on Clay Wettability and Soil Aggregate Stability, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol.64, issue.4, pp.1479-1486, 2000.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj2000.6441479x

A. Clem, Commodity price volatility: trends during, Monthly Labor Review, vol.5, 1975.

J. C. Clifton-brown, J. Breuer, and M. B. Jones, Carbon mitigation by the energy crop, Miscanthus, Global Change Biology, vol.17, issue.11, pp.2296-2307, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1440-1703.2004.00665.x

F. Conen, K. E. Dobbie, and K. A. Smith, Predicting N2O emissions from agricultural land through related soil parameters, Global Change Biology, vol.57, issue.4, pp.417-426, 2000.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009781518738

R. Conrad, Flux of NOx between Soil and Atmosphere: Importance and Soil Microbial Metabolism, Denitrification in soil and sediment, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4757-9969-9_7

R. Conrad, Soil microorganisms as controllers of atmospheric trace gases, OCS,N 2 O, and NO), pp.609-640, 1996.

A. L. Cowie, P. Smith, and D. Johnson, Does Soil Carbon Loss in Biomass Production Systems Negate the Greenhouse Benefits of Bioenergy?, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol.166, issue.Supplement 1, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s11027-006-9030-0

H. Croezen, B. Kampman, G. Van-de-vreede, and M. Sevenster, ETBE and ethanol: a comparison of CO 2 savings, 2007.

P. J. Crutzen, A. R. Mosier, K. A. Smith, and W. Winiwarter, N<sub>2</sub>O release from agro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.8, issue.2, pp.389-395, 2008.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-8-389-2008

D. Grosso, S. J. Parton, W. J. Mosier, A. R. Hartman, M. D. Brenner et al., Simulated interaction of carbon dynamics and nitrogen trace gas fluxes using the DAYCENT model, Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management, pp.303-332, 2001.

M. A. Delucchi, Conceptual and methodological issues in life cycle analyses of transportation fuels, Does Research and Research Scientist Institute of transportation Studies University of California, prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Transportation and Air Quality, p.22, 2004.

A. Demirbas, Progress and recent trends in biofuels, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol.33, issue.1, pp.1-18, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pecs.2006.06.001

K. L. Denman, G. Brasseur, A. Chidthaisong, P. Ciais, P. M. Cox et al., Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry, Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007.

V. Dornburg, J. Van-dam, and A. Faaij, Estimating GHG emission mitigation supply curves of large-scale biomass use on a country level, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.31, issue.1, pp.46-65, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.04.006

J. M. Duxbury and A. R. Mosier, Status and issues concerning agricultural emissions of greenhouse gases, in: Agricultural Dimension of Global Climate Change, pp.229-258, 1993.

E. Th and E. Priesack, Expert-N, a building block system of nitrogen models as a resource for advice, research, water management and policy, Integral Soil and Sediment Research: a Basis for Proper Protection, pp.503-507, 1993.

E. Dg-tren, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport, 20% energy savings by 2020, Green Paper on energy efficiency, 2005.

E. Dg-tren, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Fact sheet: EU-25, 2006.

E. Dg-tren, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport, Fuelling our future, Green Paper for a European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy, 2006.

E. Dg-tren, Energy and transport in figures: statistical pocket book, 2007.

L. Fagernäs, A. N. Johansson, C. Wilen, K. Sipilä, T. Mäkinen et al., Bioenergy in Europe: Opportunities and Barriers, 2006.

J. Fargione, J. Hill, D. Tilman, S. Polasky, and P. Hawthorne, Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt, Science, vol.319, issue.5867, pp.1235-1238, 2008.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1152747

R. Farquharson and J. Baldock, Concepts in modelling N2O emissions from land use, Plant and Soil, vol.19, issue.1-2, pp.147-167, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s11104-007-9485-0

A. E. Farrell, R. J. Plevin, B. T. Turner, A. D. Jones, M. O-'hare et al., Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals, Science, vol.311, issue.5760, pp.506-508, 2006.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1121416

M. K. Firestone and E. A. Davidson, Microbiological basis of NO and N 2 O production and consumption in soil, in: Exchange of trace gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere, pp.7-21, 1989.

M. Fischedick, A. Esken, H. Luhmann, D. Schüwer, and N. Supersberger, CO 2 -Capture and Geological Storage as a Climate Policy Option: technologies, Concepts, Perspectives, 2007.

G. Fischer and L. Schrattenholzer, Global bioenergy potentials through 2050, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.20, issue.3, pp.151-159, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00074-X

M. J. Fisher, I. M. Rai, M. A. Ayarza, C. E. Lascano, J. I. Sanz et al., Carbon storage by introduced deep-rooted grasses in the South American savannas, Nature, vol.371, issue.6494, pp.236-238, 1994.
DOI : 10.1038/371236a0

P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Artaxo, T. Berntsen, R. Betts et al., Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and in Radiative Forcing Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment, 2007.

F. Betteraves and /. Céréales, La filière bioéthanol, États des lieux et perspectives, 2007.

A. B. Frank, J. D. Berdahl, J. D. Hanson, M. A. Liebig, and H. A. Johnson, Biomass and Carbon Partitioning in Switchgrass, Crop Science, vol.44, issue.4, pp.1391-1396, 2004.
DOI : 10.2135/cropsci2004.1391

S. E. Frolking, A. R. Mosier, D. S. Ojima, C. Li, W. J. Parton et al., Comparison of N 2 O emissions from soils at three temperate agricultural sites: simulation of year-round measurements by four models, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.52, issue.2/3, pp.77-105, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009780109748

L. Fulton, T. Howes, and J. Hardy, Biofuels for transport, an international perspective, IEA study undertaken by the Office of Energy Efficiency, Technology and RandD, vol.210, 2004.

B. Gabrielle and N. Gagnaire, Life-cycle assessment of straw use in bio-ethanol production: A case study based on biophysical modelling, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.32, issue.5, pp.431-441, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.10.017

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00008565

B. Gabrielle, J. Da-silveira, S. Houot, and J. Michelin, Field-scale modelling of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils amended with urban waste composts, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.110, issue.3-4, pp.289-299, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2005.04.015

B. Gabrielle, P. Laville, C. Hénault, B. Nicoullaud, and J. C. Germon, Simulation of Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Wheat-cropped Soils using CERES, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.47, issue.2, pp.133-146, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10705-005-5771-5

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00008195

J. N. Galloway, J. D. Aber, J. W. Erisman, S. P. Seitzinger, R. W. Howarth et al., The Nitrogen Cascade, BioScience, vol.53, issue.4, pp.341-356, 2003.
DOI : 10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0341:TNC]2.0.CO;2

J. N. Galloway, A. R. Townsend, J. W. Erisman, M. Bekunda, Z. Cai et al., Transformation of the Nitrogen Cycle: Recent Trends, Questions, and Potential Solutions, ) Transformation of the Nitrogen Cycle: Recent Trends, Questions, and Potential Solutions, pp.889-892, 2008.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1136674

C. T. Garten and S. D. Wullschleger, Soil Carbon Inventories under a Bioenergy Crop (Switchgrass): Measurement Limitations, Journal of Environment Quality, vol.28, issue.4, pp.1359-1365, 1999.
DOI : 10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800040041x

J. C. Germon, D. Arrouays, S. Deseau, I. Félix, B. Gabrielle et al., Évaluation des impacts environnementaux des Techniques Culturales Sans Labour en France, Synthèse du groupe de travail sur le " bilan effet de serre, ADEME-ARVALIS Institut du végétal-INRA-APCA- AREAS-ITB-CETION-IFVV, 2007.

M. Goedkoop, NOH report 9523, The Eco-Indicator 95, Final Report, 1995.

M. Goedkoop and R. Spriensma, The Eco-indicator 99: a damage oriented method for life cycle assessment, methodology report, second edition, 2000.

S. D. Goldberg and G. Gebauer, Drought turns a Central European Norway spruce forest soil from an N 2 O source to a transient N 2 O sink, Glob. Change Biol, 2008.

J. W. Goodrum and D. P. Geller, Influence of fatty acid methyl esters from hydroxylated vegetable oils on diesel fuel lubricity, Bioresource Technology, vol.96, issue.7, pp.851-855, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biortech.2004.07.006

M. S. Graboski, Fossil Energy Use in the Manufacture of Corn Ethanol, Colorado School of Mines, prepared for the National Corn Growers Association, 2002.

M. S. Graboski and R. L. Mccormick, Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuels in diesel engines, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol.24, issue.2, pp.125-164, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0360-1285(97)00034-8

A. Grainger, ESTIMATING AREAS OF DEGRADED TROPICAL LANDS REQUIRING REPLENISHMENT OF FOREST COVER, International Tree Crops Journal, vol.5, issue.1-2, pp.31-61, 1988.
DOI : 10.1080/01435698.1988.9752837

A. Grainger, Constraints on Increasing Tropical Forest Area to Combat Global Climate Change, Proceedings of the Technical Workshop to Explore Options for Global Forestry Management, pp.196-208, 1991.

T. Granli and O. C. Bøckman, Nitrous oxide from Agriculture, Norwegian J. Agric. Sci, vol.12, pp.1-128, 1994.

B. Grant, W. N. Smith, R. Desjardins, R. Lemke, and C. S. Li, Emissions as Influenced by Agricultural Practices in Canada, ) Estimated N 2 Oa n dC O 2 emissions as influenced by agricultural practices in Canada, pp.315-332, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:CLIM.0000038226.60317.35

E. G. Gregorich, P. Rochette, D. W. Hopkins, U. F. Mckim, and P. St-georges, Tillage-induced environmental conditions in soil and substrate limitation determine biogenic gas production, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.38, issue.9, pp.2614-2628, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.03.017

J. B. Guinée, Handbook on LCA; Operational Guide to the ISO Standards, 2002.

L. B. Guo and R. M. Gifford, Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis, Global Change Biology, vol.36, issue.4, pp.345-360, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00155-7

B. Hahn-hägerdal, M. Galbe, M. F. Gorwa-grauslund, G. Lidén, and G. Zacchi, Bio-ethanol ??? the fuel of tomorrow from the residues of today, Trends in Biotechnology, vol.24, issue.12, pp.549-556, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tibtech.2006.10.004

E. M. Hansen, B. T. Christensen, L. S. Jensen, and K. Kristensen, Carbon sequestration in soil beneath long-term Miscanthus plantations as determined by 13C abundance, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.26, issue.2, pp.97-105, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00102-8

J. E. Hansen, Declaration of James E. Hansen, the Director of NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies The Earth Institute at Columbia University, on the 14th of in front of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont Case Nos, pp.5-30205, 2006.

J. E. Hansen, Scientific reticence and sea level rise, Environmental Research Letters, vol.2, issue.2, pp.1-6, 2007.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-9326/2/2/024002

K. Harijan, M. Memon, M. A. Uqaili, and U. K. Mirza, Potential contribution of ethanol fuel to the transport sector of Pakistan, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.13, issue.1, pp.291-295, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rser.2007.07.007

E. A. Heaton, J. Clifton-brown, T. B. Voigt, M. B. Jones, and S. P. Long, Miscanthus for renewable energy generation: European union experience and projections for Illinois. Review, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 9, pp.433-451, 2004.

R. Hector, S. Hughes, and X. Liang-li, Developing yeast strain for biomass-to-ethanol production, Ethanol Producer Magazine, 2008.

R. Heijungs, M. Goedkoop, J. Struijs, S. Effting, M. Sevenster et al., Towards a life cycle impact assessment method which comprises category indicators at the midpoint and the endpoint level, Report of the first project phase: Design of the new method VROM report, 2003.

R. Heijungs, J. B. Guinée, G. Huppes, R. M. Lnakreijer, H. A. Udo-de-haes et al., Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Products, 1992.

M. Heinen, Simplified denitrification models: Overview and properties, Geoderma, vol.133, issue.3-4, pp.444-463, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.06.010

M. Heinen, Application of a widely used denitrification model to Dutch data sets, Geoderma, vol.133, issue.3-4, pp.464-473, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.08.011

J. Henao and C. Baanante, Agricultural Production and Soil Nutrient Mining in Africa ? Implications for Resource Conservation and Policy Development, 2006.

C. Hénault and J. C. Germon, NEMIS, a predictive model of denitrification on the field scale, European Journal of Soil Science, vol.9, issue.2, pp.257-270, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2389.2000.00314.x

C. Hénault, F. Bizouard, P. Laville, B. Gabrielle, B. Nicoullaud et al., Predicting in situ soil N2O emission using NOE algorithm and soil database, Global Change Biology, vol.57, issue.12, pp.115-127, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/96GB01455

T. Higgins, Study on relative CO 2 savings comparins ethanol and EtBE as a gasoline component, Final report, 2007.

M. E. Himmel, S. Ding, D. K. Johnson, W. S. Adney, M. R. Nimlos et al., Biomass Recalcitrance: Engineering Plants and Enzymes for Biofuels Production, Science, vol.315, issue.5813, pp.804-807, 2007.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1137016

P. Holmgren, Global Land Use Area Change Matrix: Input to the Fourth Global Enviromental Outlook, Forest Resources Assessment, Working Paper 134, p.9, 2006.

M. Hoogwijk, A. Faaij, B. Eickhout, B. De-vries, and W. Turkenburg, Potential of biomass energy out to 2100, for four IPCC SRES land-use scenarios, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.29, issue.4, pp.225-257, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.05.002

M. Hoogwijk, A. Faaij, R. Van-den-broek, G. Berndes, D. Gielen et al., Exploration of the ranges of the global potential of biomass for energy, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.25, issue.2, pp.119-133, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00191-5

R. A. Houghton, Revised estimates of the annual net flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes in land use and land management 1850?, pp.378-390, 2000.

R. A. Houghton, Carbon Flux to the Atmosphere from Land- Use Changes TRENDS: A Compendium of Data on Global Change, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, pp.1850-2005, 2008.

R. A. Houghton, J. Unruh, and P. A. Lefebvre, Current land use in the tropics and its potential for sequestering carbon, Proc. Tech. Workshop to Explore Options for Global Forest Management, 1991.

M. A. Huijbregts and J. Seppälä, Towards region-specific, european fate factors for airborne nitrogen compounds causing aquatic eutrophication, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.32, issue.3, pp.65-67, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02979719

O. /. Iea and I. Publications, World Energy Outlook, 231P1), 2006.

I. Bioenergy, Potential Contribution of Bioenergy to the World's Future Energy Demand, 2007.

C. Jimenez-gonzalez and M. Overcash, Life Cycle Inventory of Refinery Products:?? Review and Comparison of Commercially Available Databases, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.34, issue.22, pp.4789-4796, 2000.
DOI : 10.1021/es991140f

O. Jolliet, R. Müller-wenk, J. Bare, A. Brent, M. Goedkoop et al., The LCIA midpoint-damage framework of the UNEP/SETAC life cycle initiative, The LCIA Midpointdamage Framework of the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative, pp.394-404, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02979083

R. Jørgensen, B. J. Jørgensen, N. E. Nielsen, M. Maag, and A. M. Lind, N2O emission from energy crop fields of Miscanthus ???Giganteus??? and winter rye, Atmospheric Environment, vol.31, issue.18, pp.31-49, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00128-3

J. Concawe, JEC Well-to-Wheels study Version 2b, 2006.

J. Concawe, JEC Well-to-Wheels study Version 3, year 2008, 2008.

A. Jug, F. Makeschin, K. E. Rehfuess, and C. Hofmann-schielle, Short-rotation plantations of balsam poplars, aspen and willows on former arable land in the Federal Republic of Germany. III. Soil ecological effects, Forest Ecology and Management, vol.121, issue.1-2, pp.85-99, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00558-1

K. L. Kadam, Environmental life cycle implications of using bagasse-derived ethanol as a gasoline oxygenate in Mumbai, pp.580-28705, 2000.
DOI : 10.2172/772426

P. Kahle, S. Beuch, B. Boelcke, P. Leinweber, and H. R. Schulten, Cropping of Miscanthus in Central Europe: biomass production and influence on nutrients and soil organic matter, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.15, issue.3, pp.171-184, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00102-2

E. A. Kaiser, K. Kohrs, M. Kucke, E. Schnug, O. Heinemeyer et al., Nitrous oxide release from arable soil: Importance of N-fertilization, crops and temporal variation, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.30, issue.12, pp.1553-1563, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0038-0717(98)00036-4

M. Kaylen, D. L. Van-dyne, Y. Choi, and M. Blase, Economic feasibility of producing ethanol from lignocellulosic feedstocks, Bioresource Technology, vol.72, issue.1, pp.19-32, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00091-7

K. Khalifa, Analyse du Cycle de Vie Problématique de l'évaluation des impacts, 1999.

S. Kim and B. E. Dale, Allocation procedure in ethanol production system from corn grain i. system expansion, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.2, issue.1, pp.237-243, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02978879

K. Kodera, Analysis of allocation methods of bioethanol LCA, Internship report, Faculty of Earth and Life Science, MSc in Environmental Resource and Management, 2007.

M. Kojima and T. Johnson, Potential for biofuels for transport in developing countries, Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) The World Bank Group, 2005.

T. Köllner, Land use in product life cycles and its consequences for ecosystem quality, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.7, issue.2, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02978857

J. W. Kram, Waste management commits to landfill gas expansion, in: Biomass Magazine 9, Volume I issue, vol.4, issue.54, 2007.

R. Lal, Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change, Geoderma, vol.123, issue.1-2, pp.1-22, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.032

R. Lal, Soil Carbon Sequestration Impacts on Global Climate Change and Food Security, Science, vol.304, issue.5677, pp.1623-1627, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1097396

R. Lal, Agricultural activities and the global carbon cycle, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.70, issue.2, pp.103-116, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:FRES.0000048480.24274.0f

X. Lang, A. K. Dalai, N. N. Bakhshi, M. J. Reaney, and P. B. Hertz, Preparation and characterization of bio-diesels from various biooils , Bioresource Technol, pp.53-62, 2001.

E. D. Larson, A review of life-cycle analysis studies on lisuid biofuel systems for the transport sector, Energy for Sustainable Development X, pp.109-126, 2006.

L. Larsson, M. Ferm, A. Kasimir-klemedtsson, and L. Klemedtsson, Ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions from grass and alfalfa mulches, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.51, issue.1, pp.41-46, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009799126377

K. Latner, C. O-'kray, and J. Jiang, China, Peoples Republic of Bio- Fuels An Alternative Future for Agriculture, Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN), vol.29, p.6049, 2006.

K. Latner, O. Wagner, and J. Jiang, China, Peoples Republic of Bio- Fuels An Alternative Future for Agriculture, Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN), vol.14, p.7039, 2006.

P. Laville, C. Hénault, P. Renault, P. Cellier, A. Oriol et al., Field comparison of nitrous oxide emission measurements using micrometeorological and chamber methods, Agronomie, vol.17, issue.8, pp.375-388, 1997.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:19970802

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00885852

R. Lemus and R. Lal, Bioenergy Crops and Carbon Sequestration, Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, vol.39, issue.1, pp.1-21, 2005.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200010037x

I. Lewandowski, J. M. Scurlock, E. Lindvall, and M. Christou, The development and current status of perennial rhizomatous grasses as energy crops in the US and Europe, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.25, issue.4, pp.335-361, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00030-8

C. S. Li, Modelling trace gas emissions from agricultural ecosystems, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.58, issue.1/3, pp.259-276, 2000.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009859006242

C. S. Li, Quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from soils: Scientific basis and modeling approach, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol.29, issue.4, pp.344-352, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/0045-6535(93)90422-2

C. S. Li, S. Frolking, and T. A. Frolking, A model of nitrous oxide evolution from soil driven by rainfall events: 1. Model structure and sensitivity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.47, issue.D9, pp.9759-9776, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92JD00509

S. C. Lo, H. W. Ma, and S. L. Lo, Quantifying and reducing uncertainty in life cycle assessment using the Bayesian Monte Carlo method, Science of The Total Environment, vol.340, issue.1-3, pp.1-3, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.08.020

G. Luneau and S. Fayet, Les biocarburants, présentation des principales filières et impacts environnementaux-qualité de l'air, Synthèse bibliographique pour AtmoPACA, Qualité de l, 2007.

F. Ma and M. A. Hanna, Biodiesel production: a review1Journal Series #12109, Agricultural Research Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska???Lincoln.1, Bioresource Technology, vol.70, issue.1, pp.1-15, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00025-5

Z. Ma, C. W. Wood, and D. I. Bransby, Soil management impacts on soil carbon sequestration by switchgrass, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.18, issue.6, pp.469-477, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00013-1

Z. Ma, C. W. Wood, and D. I. Bransby, Carbon dynamics subsequent to establishment of switchgrass, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.18, issue.2, pp.93-104, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0961-9534(99)00077-X

T. Macdonald, P. Perez, C. Mizutani, and R. Therkelsen, Ethanol Fuel Incentives Applied in the US. Reviewed from California's Perspective, California Energy Commission, pp.600-604, 2004.

J. Malça and F. Freire, Renewability and life-cycle energy efficiency of bioethanol and bio-ethyl ertiary butyl ether (bioETBE): Assessing the implications of allocation, pp.3362-3380, 2006.

B. Mattsson, C. Cederberg, and L. Blix, Agricultural land use in life cycle assessment (LCA): case studies of three vegetable oil crops, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.8, issue.4, pp.283-292, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-6526(00)00027-5

I. Milà, L. Canals, R. Müller-wenk, C. Bauer, J. Depestele et al., Key Elements in a Framework for Land Use Impact Assessment Within LCA, Int. J. LCA, vol.121, pp.5-15, 2007.

R. Möller, M. Pauly, and S. Hake, Cell wall saccharification, Outputs from the EPOBIO project, CPLpress Science Publishers c CNAP, ISBN, vol.13, issue.67, pp.978-979, 2006.

R. Möller, M. Pauly, S. Hake, and D. Bowles, Crop platforms for cell wall saccharification: lignocellulose feedstock, Outputs from the EPOBIO project, CPLpress Science Publishers c CNAP, ISBN, vol.13, issue.176, pp.978-979, 2007.

S. Moras, Analyse comparée du cycle de vie des filières de production d'énergie renouvelable issue de la biomasse, Thèse de doctorat, Gemblou, Faculté universitaire des Sciences agronomiques, 2007.

J. S. Moreira, Sugarcane for energy ??? recent results and progress in Brazil, Energy for Sustainable Development, vol.4, issue.3, pp.43-54, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0973-0826(08)60252-5

A. R. Mosier, J. M. Duxbury, J. R. Freney, O. Heinemeyer, and K. Minami, Nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural fields: Assessment, measurement and mitigation, Plant and Soil, vol.34, issue.1, pp.95-108, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00011296

A. R. Mosier, C. Kroeze, C. Nevison, O. Oenema, S. Seitzinger et al., Closing the global N 2 O budget: nitrous oxide emissions through the Agricultural nitrogen cycle, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.52, issue.2/3, pp.225-248, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009740530221

A. Murugesan, C. Umarani, R. Subramanian, and N. Nedunchezhian, Bio-diesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines???A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.13, issue.3, pp.653-662, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rser.2007.10.007

R. Naylor, A. J. Liska, M. B. Burke, W. P. Falcon, J. C. Gaskell et al., The Ripple Effect: Biofuels, Food Security, and the Environment, Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, vol.49, issue.9, pp.31-43, 2007.
DOI : 10.3200/ENVT.49.9.30-43

T. L. Nguyen and S. H. Gheewala, Fuel ethanol from cane molasses in Thailand: Environmental and cost performance, Energy Policy, vol.36, issue.5, pp.1589-1599, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.01.008

T. L. Nguyen, S. H. Gheewala, and S. Garivait, Energy balance and GHG-abatement cost of cassava utilization for fuel ethanol in Thailand, Energy Policy, vol.35, issue.9, pp.4585-4596, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.03.012

A. /. Agriculture, . Ca, and . Apm, Agricultural market impacts of future growth in the production of biofuels, Working party on Agricultural Policies and Markets, OECD Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Committee for, OECD, vol.24, issue.55, 2005.

O. Fao, Agricultural Outlook, 2007.

O. Oenema, N. Wrage, G. L. Velthof, J. W. Van-groenigen, J. Dolfing et al., Trends in Global Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Animal Production Systems, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.47, issue.1, pp.51-65, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10705-004-7354-2

K. Öhgren, R. Bura, G. Lesnicki, J. Saddler, and G. Zacchi, A comparison between simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and separate hydrolysis and fermentation using steam-pretreated corn stover, Process Biochemistry, vol.42, issue.5, pp.834-839, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.procbio.2007.02.003

Ö. Ie, I. Ifeu, T. Braunschweig, and T. München, Stoffstromanalyse zur nachhaltigen energetischen Nutzung von Biomasse, Uwe R. Fritsche u.a., Öko- Institut (Projektleitung) in Kooperation mit FhI, Endbericht zum Verbundforschungsvorhaben, gefördert vom BMU, Darmstadt usw. (Bezug als pdf unter http, 2004.

K. Oorts, R. Merckx, E. Gréhan, J. C. Germon, and N. Nicolardot, Determinants of annual fluxes of CO2 and N2O in long-term no-tillage and conventional tillage systems in northern France, Soil and Tillage Research, vol.95, issue.1-2, pp.133-148, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.still.2006.12.002

M. Parikka, Global biomass fuel resources, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.27, issue.6, pp.613-620, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.07.005

T. B. Parkin, Soil Microsites as a Source of Denitrification Variability1, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol.51, issue.5, pp.1194-1199, 1987.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj1987.03615995005100050019x

W. J. Parton, E. A. Holland, D. Grosso, S. J. Hartman, M. D. Martin et al., O emissions from soils, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.100, issue.D15, pp.17403-17419, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD900101

W. J. Parton, A. R. Mosier, D. S. Ojima, D. W. Valentine, D. S. Schimel et al., O production from nitrification and denitrification, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.60, issue.3, pp.401-412, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96GB01455

E. Pattey, G. C. Edwards, R. L. Desjardins, D. J. Pennock, W. Smith et al., Tools for quantifying N2O emissions from agroecosystems, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.142, issue.2-4, pp.103-119, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.05.013

L. Pelkmans, E. Portouli, A. Papageorgiou, and P. Georgopoulos, Impact assessment of measures towards the introduction of biofuels in the European Union, 2006.

D. W. Pennington, J. Potting, G. Finnveden, E. Lindeijer, O. Jolliet et al., Life cycle assessment Part 2: Current impact assessment practice, Environment International, vol.30, issue.5, pp.721-739, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envint.2003.12.009

R. D. Perlack, L. L. Wright, A. F. Turhollow, R. L. Graham, B. J. Stokes et al., Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Inductry: The Technical Feasability of a Bilion-Ton Annual Supply, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2005.

M. Poiret, Evolution des cultures et impacts sur l'environnement, Eurostat, 1996.

E. Pons, Sustainable biofuels certification: compatibility of the European Directive on biofuels with WTO trade rules, Ministère de l'Écologie, de l'Énergie, du Développement Durable et de l'Aménagement du Territoire, MPRA, Munich Personal RePEc Archive, Paper No. 16015 posted 01, 2008.

C. S. Potter, R. H. Riley, and S. A. Klooster, Simulation modeling of nitrogen trace gas emissions along an age gradient of tropical forest soils, Ecological Modelling, vol.97, issue.3, pp.179-196, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(96)01903-5

J. Potting and M. Hauschild, Background for spatial differentiation in LCA impact assessment ? The EDIP2003 methodology, Danish Ministry of the Environment, Environmental Project No, 2005.

J. Potting, W. Schöpp, K. Blok, and M. Hauschild, Site-Dependent Life-Cycle Impact Assessment of Acidification, Journal of Industrial Ecology, vol.2, issue.4, pp.63-87, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/0959-6526(95)00082-8

D. S. Powlson, A. B. Riche, and I. Shield, Biofuels and other approaches for decreasing fossil fuel emissions from agriculture, Annals of Applied Biology, vol.65, issue.2, pp.193-201, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00233-X

P. Prasertsri, Thailand sugar annual USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Gain Report, Global Agriculture Information Network, 2006.

A. Prieur and F. Bouvart, IFP, Rapport de projet ANABIO, PNRB, Tâche 2 : définition du cadre d'étude, Working paper not published, 2006.

M. Quirin, S. O. Gärtner, M. Pehnt, and G. Reinhardt, CO 2 Mitigation through Biofuels in the Transport Sector, Status and Perspectives, 2004.

A. Rabl, A. Benoist, D. Dron, B. Peuportier, J. V. Spadaro et al., How to account for CO2 emissions from biomass in an LCA, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.12, issue.5, p.281, 2007.
DOI : 10.1065/lca2007.06.347

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00199202

A. Radich, Biodiesel Performance, Costs, and Use, Analysis report, 2004.

A. J. Ragauskas, C. K. Williams, B. H. Davison, G. Britovsek, J. Cairney et al., The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials, Science, vol.311, issue.5760, pp.484-489, 2006.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1114736

D. Rajagopal, S. E. Sexton, D. Roland-host, and D. Zilberman, Challenge of biofuel: filling the tank without emptying the stomach?, Environmental Research Letters, vol.2, issue.4, pp.1-9, 2007.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-9326/2/4/044004

J. Reap, F. Roman, S. Duncan, and B. Bras, A survey of unresolved problems in life cycle assessment, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.4, issue.4, pp.374-388, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s11367-008-0009-9

G. Rebitzer, T. Ekvall, R. Frischknecht, D. Hunkeler, G. Norris et al., Life cycle assessment, Environment International, vol.30, issue.5, pp.701-720, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envint.2003.11.005

S. Recous, Dynamics of soil and fertilizer nitrogen in arable systems , paper presented at the International Fertilizer Society at a Symposium in Lisbon, Proceedings -International Fertilizer Society, pp.463-464, 2001.

S. Recous, J. M. Machet, and B. Mary, The fate of labelled15N urea and ammonium nitrate applied to a winter wheat crop, Plant and Soil, vol.33, issue.3, pp.215-224, 1988.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02139998

G. Reinhardt, S. Gärtner, N. Retenmaier, J. Münch, and E. V. Falkenstein, Screening Life Cycle Assessment of Jatropha Biodiesel, 2007.

K. S. Ribeiro, S. Kobayashi, M. Beuthe, J. Gasca, D. Greene et al., Transport and its infrastructure, Climate Change 2007: Mitigation, Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007.

G. Richard and P. Cellier, Effect of tillage on bare soil energy balance and thermal regime: an experimental study, Agronomie, vol.18, issue.3, pp.163-180, 1998.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:19980301

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00885878

G. P. Robertson, E. A. Paul, and R. R. Harwood, Greenhouse Gases in Intensive Agriculture: Contributions of Individual Gases to the Radiative Forcing of the Atmosphere, Greenhouse Gases in Intensive Agriculture: Contributions of Individual Gases to the Radiative Forcing of the Atmosphere, pp.1922-1925, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.289.5486.1922

F. Roby, Vers la voiture sans pétrole ? Collection Bulles de Sciences, EDP Sciences, pp.2-86883, 2006.

M. W. Rosegrant, Biofuels and Grain Prices: Impacts and Policy Responses, Testimony for the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, 2008.

R. N. Roy, R. V. Misra, J. P. Lesschen, and E. M. Smaling, Assessment of soil nutrient balance, Approaches and Methodologies, FAO Fertilizer and plant nutrition bulletin 14, 2003.

D. Russi, An integrated assessment of a large-scale biodiesel production in Italy: Killing several birds with one stone?, Energy Policy, vol.36, issue.3, pp.1169-1180, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.11.016

K. Saffih-hdadi and B. Mary, Modeling consequences of straw residues export on soil organic carbon, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.40, issue.3, pp.594-607, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.08.022

R. C. Schenck and S. Vickerman, Developing a Land Use/Biodiversity Indicator for Agricultural Products LCA's, oral presentation at the International Conference on LCA in Foods, pp.26-27, 2001.

B. Seguin, D. Arrouays, J. Balesdent, J. F. Soussana, A. Bondeau et al., Moderating the impact of agriculture on climate, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.142, issue.2-4, pp.278-287, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.07.012

E. M. Shahid and Y. Jamal, A review of biodiesel as vehicular fuel, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.12, issue.9, pp.2484-2494, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rser.2007.06.001

J. Six, S. M. Ogle, F. J. Breidt, R. T. Conant, A. R. Mosier et al., The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practised in the long term, Global Change Biology, vol.66, issue.2, pp.155-160, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00233-X

U. M. Skiba, I. P. Mctaggart, K. A. Smith, K. J. Hargreaves, and D. Fowler, Estimates of nitrous oxide emissions from soil in the UK, Energy Conversion and Management, vol.37, issue.6-8, pp.1303-1308, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0196-8904(95)00337-1

E. M. Smeets, A. P. Faaij, I. Lewandowski, and W. C. Turkenburg, A bottom-up assessment and review of global bio-energy potentials to 2050, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol.33, issue.1, pp.33-34, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pecs.2006.08.001

V. Smil, Long-range perspectives on inorganic fertilizers in global agriculture, Travis P, Hignett Lecture, International Fertilizer Development Center, Lecture Series LS-2, 3C, 1999.

P. Smith, Carbon sequestration in croplands: the potential in Europe and the global context, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.20, issue.3, pp.229-236, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.eja.2003.08.002

P. Smith, D. Martino, Z. Cai, D. Gwary, H. Janzen et al., Agriculture, Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007.

P. Smith, D. Martino, C. Zucong, D. Gwary, H. Janzen et al., Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.9, issue.4, pp.789-813, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.vaccine.2004.03.053

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01504956

B. D. Solomon, J. R. Barnes, and K. E. Halvorsen, Grain and cellulosic ethanol: History, economics, and energy policy, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.31, issue.6, pp.416-425, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.01.023

J. Sourie, D. Tréguer, and S. Rozakis, Ambivalence of biofuel chains in France, in: INRA Sciences Sociales: Research in economics and rural sociology, INRA Social Sciences, p.5, 2005.

J. F. Soussana, P. Loiseau, N. Vuichard, E. Ceschia, J. Balesdent et al., Carbon cycling and sequestration opportunities in temperate grasslands, Soil Use Manage, pp.219-230, 2004.

D. Stanway, China needs new policies to kickstart biofuel sector ? expert, in: Thomson Financial News, 2008.

D. Stead, Transport energy efficiency in Europe: Temporal and geographical trends and prospects, Journal of Transport Geography, vol.15, issue.5, pp.343-353, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2006.11.009

B. Steen, A Systematic Approach to Environmental Priority Strategies in Product Development (EPS) Version 2000 ? a) General System Characteristics. b) ? Models and Data, Centre for Environmental Assessment of Products and material Systems (CPM), 1999.

E. Stehfest and L. Bouwman, N2O and NO emission from agricultural fields and soils under natural vegetation: summarizing available measurement data and modeling of global annual emissions, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.100, issue.3, pp.207-228, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10705-006-9000-7

N. Stern, Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, online, 2006.

M. Sticklen, Spartans tailor maize for cellulosic ethanol, in: Biomass magazine 7/2007: Volume I issue 2: Powering up with poultry litter, BBI International, 2007.

J. R. Strege, A road Map for Biofuels Research-part II, Biomass Magazine 9, 2007.

M. A. Sutton, E. Nemitz, J. W. Erisman, C. Beier, B. Bahl et al., Challenges in quantifying biosphere???atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species, Environmental Pollution, vol.150, issue.1, pp.125-139, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.04.014

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01191966

I. K. Thomsen and B. T. Christensen, Yields of wheat and soil carbon and nitrogen contents following long-term incorporation of barley straw and ryegrass catch crops, Soil Use Manage, pp.432-438, 2004.

J. S. Tolan, Iogen's Demonstration Process for Producing Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass, pp.193-208, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/9783527619849.ch9

. Tripartite-task-force, White paper on internationally compatible biofuel standards, 2007.

M. A. Trossero, Wood energy: the way ahead, pp.211-53, 2002.

F. Tubiello and G. Fischer, Reducing climate change impacts on agriculture: Global and regional effects of mitigation, 2000???2080, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol.74, issue.7, pp.1030-1056, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/j.techfore.2006.05.027

H. A. Udo-de-haes and E. Lindeijer, The conceptual structure of Life Cycle Impact Assessment, Final draft for the Second Working Group on Impact Assessment of SETAC-Europe (WIA-2), 2001.

H. A. Udo-de-haes, O. Jolliet, G. Finnveden, M. Hauschild, W. Krewitt et al., Best available practice regarding impact categories and category indicators in life cycle impact assessment, SETAC-Europe: Second Working Group on LCIA (WIA-2), pp.66-74, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02979403

D. Ugarte and M. Walsh, Synergism between Agricultural and Energy Policy: The Case of Dedicated Bioenergy Crops Agricultural Policy Analysis Center, 2002.

U. Doe, Breaking the biological barriers to cellulosic ethanol: a joint research agenda, 2006.

U. Doe, On the Road to Energy Security, Implementing a Comprehensive Energy Strategy: A Status Report, A message from the Secretary of Energy, 2006.

U. Gao, Tax Incentives for Petroleum and Ethanol Fuels, GAO/RCED-00-301R. B-286311, United States General Accounting Office/Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division, 2000.

L. Van-camp, B. Bujarrabal, A. Gentile, R. J. Jones, L. Montanarella et al., Reports of the Technical Working Groups Established under the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, 2004.

A. Van-der-drift and H. Boerrigter, Synthesis gas from biomass for fuels and chemicals, ECN-C?06-001, Report following the workshop " Hydrogen and synthesis gas for fuels and chemicals " organized by IEA bioenergy Task 33 in conjunction with the SYNBIOS conference, 2005.

G. L. Velthof, P. J. Kuikman, and O. Oenema, Nitrous oxide emission from soils amended with crop residues, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol.62, issue.3, pp.249-261, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1021259107244

V. Braun and J. , The World Food Situation: New Driving Fores and Required Actions, IFPRI's Bi-Annual Overview of the World Food Situation presented to the CGIAR Annual General Meeting, 2007.

C. Wagner-riddle, A. Furon, N. L. Mclaughlin, I. Lee, J. Barbeau et al., Intensive measurement of nitrous oxide emissions from a corn?soybean?wheat rotation under two contrasting management systems over 5 years, Global Change Biology, vol.25, issue.8, pp.1722-1736, 2007.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj2005.0214

B. P. Weidema and E. Lindeijer, Physical impacts of land use in product life cycle assessment, 2001.

B. P. Weidema and M. S. Wesnaes, Data quality management for life cycle inventories???an example of using data quality indicators, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.4, issue.3-4, pp.167-174, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-6526(96)00043-1

H. Wenzel, M. Hauschild, and L. Alting, Environmental assessment of products, Methodology, tools and case studies in product development, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4615-6367-9

T. Wiesenthal, B. Schade, P. Chritidis, G. Leduc, and L. Pelkmans, Analysis of biofuel support policies, Proceedings of the 15th Biomass Conference and Exhibition, pp.7-11, 2007.

W. Institute, Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and Implications for Energy and Agriculture, prepared by Worldwatch Institute for the German Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV) in coordination with the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and the German Agency of Renewable Resources (FNR), 2007.

N. Wrage, G. L. Velthof, M. L. Van-beusichem, and O. Oenema, Role of nitrifier denitrification in the production of nitrous oxide, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.33, issue.12-13, pp.1723-1732, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0038-0717(01)00096-7

M. Wu, M. Wang, and H. Huo, Fuel-Cycle Assessment of Selected Bioethanol Production Pathways in the United States, Energy Systems division, 2006.

M. R. Xavier, The Brazilian sugarcane ethanol experience, Competitive Enterprise Institute CEI Issue Analysis, Advancing Liberty from the Economy to Ecology 3, 2007.

I. Yi, N. Itsubo, A. Inaba, and K. Matsumoto, Development of the interregional I/O based LCA method considering region-specifics of indirect effects in regional evaluation, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.12, issue.6, pp.353-364, 2007.
DOI : 10.1065/lca2007.06.339

C. S. Zan, J. W. Fyles, P. Girouard, and R. A. Samson, Carbon sequestration in perennial bioenergy, annual corn and uncultivated systems in southern Quebec, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.86, issue.2, pp.135-144, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00273-5

N. Zeman, Shell partner to make hydrogen from glycerine, in: Biomass Magazine 8/2007, Volume I issue 3: Learning from firstgeneration biomass power producers, BBI International, 2007.