P. Aldrich, J. Hamrick, and P. Chavarriaga, Microsatellite analysis of demographic genetic structure in fragmented populations of the tropical tree Symphonia globulifera, Molecular Ecology, vol.7, issue.8, pp.933-944, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/0169-5347(96)10045-8

S. Bagchi, Selection differential and predicted genetic gain in Tectona grandis, Indian For, vol.121, pp.482-490, 1995.

S. Bagchi, V. Sharma, and P. Gupta, Developmental instability in leaves of Tectona grandis, Silvae Genet, vol.38, pp.1-6, 1989.

K. Belkhir, P. Borsa, and L. Chikhi, ) GENETIX 4.05, logiciel sous Windows TM pour la génétique des populations, Laboratoire Génome, 1996.

V. Bendale, R. Naik, and J. Mehta, Variability studies in teak, J Ecobiol, vol.17, pp.29-34, 2005.

K. Bhat and P. Priya, INFLUENCE OF PROVENANCE VARIATION ON WOOD PROPERTIES OF TEAK FROM THE WESTERN GHAT REGION IN INDIA, IAWA Journal, vol.25, issue.3, pp.273-282, 2004.
DOI : 10.1163/22941932-90000365

D. Callen, A. Thompson, and Y. Shen, Incidence and origin of ''null'' alleles in the (AC)n microsatellite markers, Am J Hum Genet, vol.52, pp.922-927, 1993.

L. Cavalli-sforza and A. Edwards, Phylogenetic Analysis: Models and Estimation Procedures, Evolution, vol.21, issue.3, pp.550-570, 1967.
DOI : 10.2307/2406616

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1706274

S. Dah, Sustainable management of teak forests in Myanmar, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

S. Dah, Teak and forest management in Myanmar, ITTO Trop For Update, vol.14, pp.12-13, 2004.

D. Dieringer and C. Schlötterer, (MSA): a platform independent analysis tool for large microsatellite data sets, Molecular Ecology Notes, vol.38, issue.1, pp.167-169, 2003.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1471-8286.2003.00351.x

B. Dupuy and D. Verhaegen, Plantation-grown teak (Tectona grandis)i nC o ?te d'Ivoire, Bois For Trop, vol.235, pp.9-24, 1993.

C. Dutech, H. Joly, and P. Jarne, Gene flow, historical population dynamics and genetic diversity within French Guianan populations of a rainforest tree species, Vouacapoua americana, Heredity, vol.92, issue.2, pp.69-77, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.hdy.6800384

E. Mousadik, A. Petit, and R. , High level of genetic differentiation for allelic richness among populations of the argan tree [Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels] endemic to Morocco, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol.92, issue.7, pp.832-839, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00221895

P. England, A. Usher, and R. Whelan, Microsatellite diversity and genetic structure of fragmented populations of the rare, fire-dependent shrub Grevillea macleayana, Molecular Ecology, vol.16, issue.3, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/0169-5347(96)10045-8

G. Evanno, S. Regnaut, and J. Goudet, Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software structure: a simulation study, Molecular Ecology, vol.16, issue.8, pp.2611-2620, 2005.
DOI : 10.1098/rspb.2001.1600

F. Gangopadhyay, G. Gangopadhyay, S. Poddar, and R. , PHYLIP (Phylogeny Inference Package) version 3.6. Department of Genome Sciences Available at http://evolution.genetics.washington Micropropagation of Tectona grandis: assessment of genetic fidelity, Biologia Plantarum, vol.46, issue.3, pp.459-461101024359126802, 1023.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1024359126802

B. Gill, Y. Bedi, and S. Bir, Cytopalynological studies in woody members of family Verbenaceae from north-west and central India, J Indian Bot Soc, vol.62, pp.235-244, 1983.

D. Goldstein and D. Pollock, Launching Microsatellites: A Review of Mutation Processes and Methods of Phylogenetic Inference, Journal of Heredity, vol.88, issue.5, pp.335-342, 1997.
DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a023114

J. Goudet, FSTAT, a program to estimate and test gene diversities and fixation indices. Version 2.9.3. Available from http, 2001.

L. Graudal, E. Kjaer, and V. Suangtho, Conservation of genetic resources of Teak (Tectona grandis) in Thailand. Danida Forest Seed Centre, Technical note No, vol.52, pp.1-39, 1999.

R. Gunaga and R. Vasudeva, Genetic variation for fruiting phenology among teak clones of different provenances of Karnataka, Indian J For, vol.25, pp.215-220, 2002.

R. Gunaga and R. Vasudeva, Causes for low fruit production in clonal seed orchards of Teak (Tectona grandis L.f): a special reference to India, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

B. Gupta and P. Pattanath, Factors affecting germination behaviour of teak seeds of eighteen Indian origins, Indian For, vol.101, pp.584-588, 1975.

K. Gyi and K. Tint, Management status of natural teak forests In: Proceedings of the second regional seminar on teak. Teak for the future, pp.27-48, 1995.

S. Hurlbert, The Nonconcept of Species Diversity: A Critique and Alternative Parameters, Ecology, vol.52, issue.4, pp.577-586, 1971.
DOI : 10.2307/1934145

E. Indira, Why teak seed orchards are low productive?, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

K. Isoda, A. Watanabe, and A. Widyatmoko, The simple and reliable management of teak (Tectona grandis) clones with SCAR (Sequence Characterized Amplified Region) marker. In: Proceedings of third regional seminar on teak. Potentials and opportunities in marketing and trade of plantation teak: challenge for the new millennium, pp.265-269, 2000.

A. Kaosa-ard, Teak, Tectona grandis, Linn. f. nursery techniques with special reference to Thailand, pp.1-42, 1986.

A. Kaosa-ard, Gains from provenance selection In: Proceedings of international seminar on site, technology and productivity of teak plantations, pp.26-29, 1999.

A. Kaosa-ard, V. Suangtho, and E. Kjaer, Experience from tree improvement of teak (Tectona grandis)in Thailand, pp.1-14, 1998.

R. Katwal, Teak in India: status, prospects and perspectives, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

H. Keiding, H. Wellendorf, and E. Lauridsen, Evaluation of an international series of teak provenance trials, pp.1-81, 1986.

B. Kelly, O. Hardy, and J. Bouvet, Temporal and spatial genetic structure in Vitellaria paradoxa (shea tree) in an agroforestry system in southern Mali, Prat D (1995a) Genetic structure and mating system in teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) provenances, pp.1231-1240104, 2004.

A. Kertadikara and D. Prat, Isozyme variation among teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) provenances, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol.90, issue.6, pp.803-810, 1995.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00222015

S. Kijkar, Current status of teak in Thailand, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

E. Kjaer and E. Lauridsen, Results from a second evaluation of DFSC coordinated teak (Tectona grandis) provenance trials: has new information been obtained?, Proceedings of the conference: tree improvement for sustainable tropical forestry, pp.27-28, 1996.

E. Kjaer and H. Siegismund, Allozyme diversity in two Tanzanian and two Nicaraguan landraces of teak (Tectona grandis L.), For Genet, vol.3, pp.45-52, 1996.

E. Kjaer, H. Siegismund, and V. Suangtho, A multivariate study on genetic variation in teak (Tectona grandis (L.)), Silvae Genet, vol.45, pp.361-368, 1996.

E. Kjaer, S. Kajornsrichon, and E. Lauridsen, Heartwood, calcium and silica content in five provenances of teak (Tectona grandis L.), Silvae Genet, vol.48, pp.1-3, 1999.

E. Kjaer, W. Amaral, and A. Yanchuk, Strategies for conservation of forest genetic resources Forest genetic resources conservation and management?Overview, concepts and some systematic, pp.5-24, 2004.

A. Lowe, S. Davies, and H. Volkaert, Teakdiv?Developing know-how for the improvement and sustainable management of teak genetic resources, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

J. Mathew and R. Vasudeva, Clonal variation for seed germination in teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.), Curr Sci, vol.84, pp.1133-1136, 2003.

B. Nagarajan, M. Varghese, and A. Nicodemus, Reproductive biology of teak and its implication in tree improvement, Proceedings of the conference: tree improvement for sustainable tropical forestry, pp.244-248, 1996.

M. Nei, Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals, Genetics, vol.89, pp.583-590, 1978.

A. Newton, T. Allnutt, and A. Gillies, Molecular phylogeography, intraspecific variation and the conservation of tree species, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.14, issue.4, pp.140-14510, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0169-5347(98)01555-9

A. Nicodemus, B. Nagarajan, and C. Narayanan, RAPD variation in Indian teak populations and its implications for breeding and conservation, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

E. Palupi and J. Owens, Reproductive Phenology and Reproductive Success of Teak (Tectona grandis L. F.), International Journal of Plant Sciences, vol.159, issue.5, pp.833-842, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/297604

D. Pandey and C. Brown, Le teck dans le monde, Unasylva, vol.201, pp.3-13, 2000.

K. Parthiban, C. Surendran, and M. Paramathma, Molecular characterization of teak seed sources using RAPD's, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

X. Perrier and J. Jacquemoud-collet, DARwin software Available at http://darwin.cirad.fr/darwin Prabhu N (2003) Teak in Kerala state, India: past, present and future, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2006.

J. Pritchard, M. Stephens, and P. Donnelly, Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data, Genetics, vol.155, pp.945-959, 2000.

P. Priya and K. Bhat, False ring formation in teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) and the influence of environmental factors, Forest Ecology and Management, vol.108, issue.3, pp.215-222, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00227-8

P. Priya and K. Bhat, Influence of Rainfall, Irrigation and Age on the Growth Periodicity and Wood Structure in Teak (Tectona Grandis), IAWA Journal, vol.20, issue.2, pp.181-192, 1999.
DOI : 10.1163/22941932-90000678

D. Rao, M. Singh, and B. Shivaraju, Teak management in Kerala, Proceedings of the international teak symposium, pp.2-4, 1991.

P. Rao, Status of teak in Andhra Pradesh India, Proceedings of the international conference on quality timber products of teak from sustainable forest management. Peechi, India, pp.2-5, 2003.

M. Rawat, D. Uniyal, and S. Sharma, Identification of provenances based on leaf morphology in Tectona grandis, Indian For, vol.124, pp.248-251, 1998.

W. Rice, Analyzing Tables of Statistical Tests, Evolution, vol.43, issue.1, pp.223-225, 1989.
DOI : 10.2307/2409177

M. Rossetto, R. Slade, and P. Baverstock, - Myrtaceae), Molecular Ecology, vol.6, issue.4, pp.633-643, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00622.x

F. Rousset, genepop???007: a complete re-implementation of the genepop software for Windows and Linux, Molecular Ecology Resources, vol.145, issue.1, pp.103-106, 2008.
DOI : 10.2307/2408641

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00366752

N. Saitou and M. Nei, The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees, Mol Biol Evol, vol.4, pp.406-425, 1987.

M. Shrestha, H. Volkaert, and D. Van-der-straeten, using amplified fragment length polymorphism markers, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol.35, issue.4, pp.1017-1022, 2005.
DOI : 10.1139/x05-033

M. Simatupang, Chemical properties of teakwood (Tectona grandis L.f.) as guide for selection of mother trees In: Proceedings of third regional seminar on teak. Potentials and opportunities in marketing and trade of plantation teak: challenge for the new millennium, pp.255-264, 2000.

V. Sivakumar, K. Parthiban, and B. Singh, Variability in drupe characters and their relationship on seed germination in teak (Tectona grandis L.f.), Silvae Genet, vol.51, pp.232-237, 2002.

D. Steffens, S. Sutter, and S. Roemer, An alternate universal forward primer for improved automated DNA sequencing of M13, Biotechniques, vol.15, pp.580-582, 1993.

V. Suangtho, L. Graudal, and E. Kjaer, Genecological zonation as a tool in conservation of genetic resources of Teak (Tectona grandis) in Thailand, Proceedings of the international teak conference: Teak beyond, pp.23-25, 1999.

S. Tangmitcharoen and J. Owens, Floral Biology, Pollination, Pistil Receptivity, and Pollen Tube Growth of Teak (Tectona grandisLinn f.), Annals of Botany, vol.79, issue.3, pp.227-241, 1996.
DOI : 10.1006/anbo.1996.0317

S. Tangmitcharoen and J. Owens, Pollen Viability and Pollen-tube Growth Following Controlled Pollination and their Relation to Low Fruit Production in Teak (Tectona grandisLinn. f.), Annals of Botany, vol.80, issue.4, pp.401-410, 1996.
DOI : 10.1006/anbo.1996.0440

D. Tewari, M. Varghese, A. Nicodemus, and P. Ramteke, A monograph on teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) International Book Distributors Variation in growth and wood traits among nine populations of teak in Peninsular India, Silvae Genet, vol.49, pp.201-205, 1992.

R. Vasudeva, M. Hanumantha, and R. Gunaga, Genetic variation for floral traits among teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) clones: implications to seed orchard fertility, Curr Sci, vol.87, pp.358-362, 2004.

D. Verhaegen, D. Ofori, and I. Fofana, Development and characterization of microsatellite markers in Tectona grandis (Linn. f), Molecular Ecology Notes, vol.15, issue.4, pp.945-947, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2004.00684.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/cirad-00845617

B. Weir and C. Cockerham, Estimating F-Statistics for the Analysis of Population Structure, Evolution, vol.38, issue.6, pp.1358-1370, 1984.
DOI : 10.2307/2408641

S. Wright, THE GENETICAL STRUCTURE OF POPULATIONS, Annals of Eugenics, vol.31, issue.111, pp.323-354, 1951.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-1809.1949.tb02451.x

A. Wünsch and J. Hormazaa, Molecular characterisation of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) genotypes using peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] SSR sequences, Heredity, vol.89, pp.56-63, 2002.