M. Hulme, Climatic perspectives on Sahelian desiccation: 1973???1998, Global Environmental Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.19-29, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00042-X

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.502.5319

A. Tarhule and M. Woo, Towards an interpretation of historical droughts in northern Nigeria, Climatic Change, vol.37, issue.4, pp.601-616, 1997.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1005319723995

M. Mortimore and W. Adams, Farmer adaptation, change and ???crisis??? in the Sahel, Global Environmental Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.49-57, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00044-3

S. Swinton, Drought survival tactics of subsistence farmers in Niger, Human Ecology, vol.3, issue.25, pp.123-144, 1988.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00888089

C. Agnew and A. Chappell, Drought in the Sahel, Geo- Journal, vol.48, pp.299-311, 1999.

A. Adams, J. Cekan, and R. Sauerborn, R??sum??, Africa, vol.19, issue.02, pp.263-283, 1998.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-7717.1988.tb00686.x

O. Mertz, C. Mbow, A. Reenberg, L. Genesio, E. Lambin et al., Adaptation strategies and climate vulnerability in the Sudano-Sahelian region of West Africa, Atmospheric Science Letters, vol.17, issue.4, pp.104-108, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/asl.314

I. Niang, O. Ruppel, M. Abdrabo, A. Essel, C. Lennard et al., Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change, pp.1199-1265

D. Gautier, B. Locatelli, C. Corniaux, and V. Alary, Global changes, livestock and vulnerability: the social construction of markets as an adaptive strategy, The Geographical Journal, vol.5, issue.2, 2014.
DOI : 10.1111/geoj.12115

M. Mortimore, Adapting to drought in the Sahel: lessons for climate change. WIREs: Clim Change, pp.134-143, 2010.

S. Batterbury and A. Warren, The African Sahel 25 years after the great drought: assessing progress and moving towards new agendas and approaches, Global Environmental Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.1-8, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00040-6

M. Brockhaus, H. Djoudi, and B. Locatelli, Envisioning the future and learning from the past: Adapting to a changing environment in northern Mali, Environmental Science & Policy, vol.25, pp.94-106, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.08.008

P. Tschakert, Views from the vulnerable: Understanding climatic and other stressors in the Sahel, Global Environmental Change, vol.17, issue.3-4, pp.381-396, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.11.008

S. Shackleton, G. Ziervogel, S. Sallu, T. Gill, and P. Tschakert, Why is socially-just climate change adaptation in sub-Saharan Africa so challenging? A review of barriers identified from empirical cases, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, vol.3, issue.3, pp.321-344, 2015.
DOI : 10.1002/wcc.335

A. Dai, Drought under global warming: a review. WIREs: Clim Change, pp.45-65, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/wcc.81

J. Mccarthy, O. Canziani, N. Leary, D. Dokken, and K. White, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation , and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001.

E. Environment and A. , Europe's Environment: The Dobris Assessment. Copenhagen: Office for Official Publication of the European Communities, 1995.

T. Lodoun, A. Giannini, P. Traoré, L. Somé, M. Sanon et al., Changes in seasonal descriptors of precipitation in Burkina Faso associated with late 20th century drought and recovery in West Africa, Environmental Development, vol.5, pp.96-108, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envdev.2012.11.010

E. Epule, C. Peng, L. Lepage, and Z. Chen, The causes, effects and challenges of Sahelian droughts: a critical review, Regional Environmental Change, vol.19, issue.4, pp.145-156, 2014.
DOI : 10.1007/s10113-013-0473-z

P. Ozer, Y. Hountondji, and M. Laminou, Evolution des caractéristiques pluviométriques dans l'est du Niger de 1940 à, pp.11-30, 2007.

A. Chappell and C. Agnew, Modelling climate change in West African Sahel rainfall(1931???90) as an artifact of changing station locations, International Journal of Climatology, vol.24, issue.5, pp.547-554, 2004.
DOI : 10.1002/joc.1021

F. Kalame, R. Aidoo, J. Nkem, O. Ajayie, M. Kanninen et al., Modified taungya system in Ghana: a win-win practice for forestry and adaptation to climate change? Environ Sci Policy, pp.519-530, 2011.

E. Bernus, Famines et s??cheresses chez les Touareg sah??liens, Pr??sence Africaine, vol.113, issue.1, pp.1-7, 1980.
DOI : 10.3917/presa.113.0067

URL : http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=PRESA_113_0067

P. Hiernaux, E. Mougin, L. Diarra, N. Soumaguel, F. Lavenu et al., Sahelian rangeland response to changes in rainfall over two decades in the Gourma region, Mali, Journal of Hydrology, vol.375, issue.1-2, pp.114-127, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.11.005

J. Seaquist, T. Hickler, L. Eklundh, J. Ardo, and B. Heumann, Disentangling the effects of climate and people on Sahel vegetation dynamics, Biogeosciences, vol.6, issue.3, pp.469-477, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/bg-6-469-2009

H. Djoudi and M. Brockhaus, Is adaptation to climate change gender neutral? Lessons from communities dependent on livestock and forests in northern Mali, International Forestry Review, vol.13, issue.2, pp.123-135, 2011.
DOI : 10.1505/146554811797406606

S. Sanni, K. Oluwasemire, and N. Nnoli, Traditional capacity for weather prediction, variability and coping strategies in the front line states of nigeria, Agricultural Sciences, vol.03, issue.04, pp.625-630, 2012.
DOI : 10.4236/as.2012.34075

E. Carr, Between structure and agency: Livelihoods and adaptation in Ghana's Central Region, Global Environmental Change, vol.18, issue.4, pp.689-699, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.06.004

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.353.2419

P. Webb and T. Reardon, Drought impact and household response in East and West Africa, J Int Agric, vol.31, pp.230-246, 1992.

P. Jouve, Sécheresse au Sahel et stratégies paysannes, pp.61-69, 1991.

M. De-bruijn, R??sum??, Africa, vol.14, issue.04, pp.625-651, 1997.
DOI : 10.3406/cea.1994.2041

M. Turner, Drought, Domestic Budgeting and Wealth Distribution in Sahelian Households, Development and Change, vol.31, issue.5, pp.1009-1035, 2000.
DOI : 10.1111/1467-7660.00187

U. Grote and K. Warner, Environmental change and migration in Sub-Saharan Africa, International Journal of Global Warming, vol.2, issue.1, pp.17-47, 2010.
DOI : 10.1504/IJGW.2010.032193

H. Fjelde and N. Von-uexkull, Climate triggers: Rainfall anomalies, vulnerability and communal conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, Political Geography, vol.31, issue.7, pp.444-453, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.polgeo.2012.08.004

C. Raleigh, Political Marginalization, Climate Change, and Conflict in African Sahel States, International Studies Review, vol.12, issue.1, pp.69-86, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1468-2486.2009.00913.x

T. Benjaminsen, K. Alinon, H. Buhaug, and J. Buseth, Does climate change drive land-use conflicts in the Sahel?, Journal of Peace Research, vol.40, issue.1, pp.97-111, 2012.
DOI : 10.2307/2539147

A. Gonin and D. Gautier, Shift in herders??? territorialities from regional to local scale: the political ecology of pastoral herding in western Burkina Faso, Pastoralism, vol.90, issue.1, pp.1-12, 2015.
DOI : 10.1186/s13570-015-0023-z

J. Ribot, Vulnerability does not fall from the sky: toward multiscale, pro-poor climate policy In: Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World, pp.47-74

D. Adefolalu, Weitere Aspekte der D??rre in der Sahelzone, sichtbar im Niederschlagsregime Nigeriens, Archives for Meteorology, Geophysics, and Bioclimatology Series B, vol.13, issue.3-4, pp.277-295, 1986.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02263134

R. Kasei, B. Diekkrüger, and C. Leemhuis, Drought frequency in the Volta Basin of West Africa, Sustainability Science, vol.5, issue.1, pp.89-97, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s11625-009-0101-5

J. Lay, U. Narloch, and T. Mahmoud, Shocks, Structural Change, and the Patterns of Income Diversification in Burkina Faso, African Development Review, vol.21, issue.No. 3, pp.36-58, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-8268.2009.00202.x

D. Santos, S. Henry, and S. , Rainfall variation as a factor in child survival in rural Burkina Faso: the benefit of an event-history analysis, Population, Space and Place, vol.7, issue.1, pp.1-20, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/psp.470

T. Afifi, Economic or Environmental Migration? The Push Factors in Niger, International Migration, vol.98, issue.2, pp.95-124, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1468-2435.2010.00644.x

M. De-bruijn and H. Van-dijk, Drought and Coping Strategies in Fulbe Society in the Haayre (Central Mali) : A Historical Perspective, Cahiers d'??tudes africaines, vol.34, issue.133, pp.85-108, 1994.
DOI : 10.3406/cea.1994.2041

J. Olivier-de-sardan, Aide humanitaire ou aide au d??veloppement??? La ????famine???? de 2005 au Niger, Aide humanitaire ou aide au développement? La «famine» de 2005 au Niger, pp.415-429, 2011.
DOI : 10.3917/ethn.113.0415

M. Baro and T. Deubel, Persistent Hunger: Perspectives on Vulnerability, Famine, and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.35, issue.1, pp.521-538, 2006.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.anthro.35.081705.123224

M. Watts, Silent Violence: Food, Famine, and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria, 2013.

W. Laube, B. Schraven, and M. Awo, Smallholder adaptation to climate change: dynamics and limits in Northern Ghana, Climatic Change, vol.42, issue.2, pp.753-774, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s10584-011-0199-1

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.228.9458

S. Siart, E. Weltzien, M. Kanouté, and V. Hoffmann, Provenances des semences de sorgho après une année de sécheresse au sud du Mali, Cahiers Agric, vol.17, pp.195-198, 2008.

M. Baudoin, A. Sanchez, and B. Fandohan, Small scale farmers' vulnerability to climatic changes in southern Benin: the importance of farmers' perceptions of existing institutions. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change, pp.1195-1207, 2013.

M. Zorom, B. Barbier, O. Mertz, and E. Servat, Diversification and adaptation strategies to climate variability: A farm typology for the Sahel, Agricultural Systems, vol.116, pp.7-15, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agsy.2012.11.004

C. Christensen, A. Dommen, N. Horenstein, S. Pryor, P. Riley et al., Food problems and prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa: the decade of the 1980's. In: Foreign Agricultural Research Report no, 1981.

B. Barbier, H. Yacouba, H. Karambiri, M. Zorome, and B. Some, Human Vulnerability to Climate Variability in the Sahel: Farmers??? Adaptation Strategies in Northern Burkina Faso, Environmental Management, vol.16, issue.3, pp.790-803, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s00267-008-9237-9

D. Bryceson, African rural labour, income diversification & livelihood approaches: a long???term development perspective, Review of African Political Economy, vol.1, issue.5, pp.171-189, 1999.
DOI : 10.1080/03056249908704377

S. Garraud and L. Mahamane, Evolution des pratiques d'adaptation des communautés agropastorales de la zone de Tillabéry-Nord et de Tahoua au Niger dans un contexte de changements climatiques, pp.24-30, 2012.

A. Ickowicz, V. Ancey, C. Corniaux, G. Duteurtre, R. Poccard-chappuis et al., Croplivestock production systems in the Sahel?increasing resilience for adaptation to climate change and preserving food security, 2012.

T. Reardon, Using evidence of household income diversification to inform study of the rural nonfarm labor market in Africa, World Development, vol.25, issue.5, pp.735-747, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0305-750X(96)00137-4

T. Reardon and J. Taylor, Agroclimatic shock, income inequality, and poverty: Evidence from Burkina Faso, World Development, vol.24, issue.5, pp.901-914, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0305-750X(96)00009-5

N. Van-vliet, A. Reenberg, and L. Rasmussen, Scientific documentation of crop land changes in the Sahel: A half empty box of knowledge to support policy?, Journal of Arid Environments, vol.95, pp.1-13, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2013.03.010

S. Batterbury, Landscapes of Diversity: A Local Political Ecology of Livelihood Diversification in South-Western Niger, Cultural Geographies, vol.8, issue.4, pp.437-464, 2001.
DOI : 10.1177/096746080100800404

M. Olwig and K. Gough, Basket weaving and social weaving: Young Ghanaian artisans??? mobilization of resources through mobility in times of climate change, Geoforum, vol.45, pp.168-177, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.geoforum.2012.11.001

S. Henry, V. Piché, D. Ouédraogo, and E. Lambin, Descriptive Analysis of the Individual Migratory Pathways According to Environmental Typologies, Population and Environment, vol.25, issue.5, pp.397-422, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:POEN.0000036929.19001.a4

F. Wouterse, Survival or Accumulation: migration and rural households in Burkina Faso Available at: http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery, 2006.

C. Roncoli, K. Ingram, and P. Kirshen, The costs and risks of coping with drought: livelihood impacts and farmers' responses in Burkina Faso, Climate Research, vol.19, pp.119-132, 2001.
DOI : 10.3354/cr019119

D. Thiombiano, N. Lamien, D. Dibong, I. Boussim, and B. Belem, Le rôle des espèces ligneuses dans la gestion de la soudure alimentaire au Burkina Faso, pp.86-93, 2012.

J. Sendzimir, C. Reij, and P. Magnuszewski, Rebuilding Resilience in the Sahel: Regreening in the Maradi and Zinder Regions of Niger, Ecology and Society, vol.16, issue.3, pp.1-29, 2011.
DOI : 10.5751/ES-04198-160301

J. Devineau, A. Aurouet, M. Douanio, and A. Hladik, Changes in the availability and uses of wild yams according to climatic dryness and land-cover in Western Burkina Faso (West Africa): a joint ecological and ethno-botanical approach using GIS and remote-sensing, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.39, issue.2, pp.1937-1963, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s10531-008-9338-z

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00357506

M. Awumbila and J. Momsen, Gender and the environment, Global Environmental Change, vol.5, issue.4, pp.337-346, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0959-3780(95)00068-Y

D. Gautier, A. Bonnerat, and A. Njoya, The relationship between herders and trees in space and time in northern Cameroon, The Geographical Journal, vol.23, issue.4, pp.324-339, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2005.00170.x

D. Bradley and A. Grainger, Social resilience as a controlling influence on desertification in Senegal. Land Degrad Dev, pp.451-470, 2004.

O. Mertz, D. Haen, S. Maiga, A. Moussa, I. Barbier et al., Climate Variability and Environmental Stress in the Sudan-Sahel Zone of West Africa, AMBIO, vol.8, issue.4, pp.380-392, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s13280-011-0231-8

O. Mertz, C. Mbow, J. Nielsen, A. Maiga, D. Diallo et al., Climate Factors Play a Limited Role for Past Adaptation Strategies in West Africa, Ecology and Society, vol.15, issue.4, pp.25-39, 2010.
DOI : 10.5751/ES-03774-150425

L. Naess, M. Sullivan, J. Khinmaung, P. Crahay, and A. Otzelberger, Changing climates, changing lives Adaptation strategies of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Ethiopia and Mali, 2010.

A. Dieye and D. Roy, A Study of Rural Senegalese Attitudes and Perceptions of Their Behavior to Changes in the Climate, Environmental Management, vol.23, issue.7, pp.929-941, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00267-012-9932-4

C. West, C. Roncoli, and F. Ouattara, Local perceptions and regional climate trends on the central plateau of Burkina Faso. Land Degrad Dev, pp.289-304, 2008.

A. Sidibé, Farm-level adoption of soil and water conservation techniques in northern Burkina Faso, Agricultural Water Management, vol.71, issue.3, pp.211-224, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agwat.2004.09.002

C. Reij, G. Tappan, and A. Belemvire, Changing land management practices and vegetation on the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso (1968???2002), Journal of Arid Environments, vol.63, issue.3, pp.642-659, 1968.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2005.03.010

M. Carter and T. Lybbert, Consumption versus asset smoothing: testing the implications of poverty trap theory in Burkina Faso, Journal of Development Economics, vol.99, issue.2, pp.255-264, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2012.02.003

H. Kazianga and C. Udry, Consumption smoothing? Livestock, insurance and drought in rural Burkina Faso, Journal of Development Economics, vol.79, issue.2, pp.413-446, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2006.01.011

A. Maatman, C. Schweigman, A. Ruijs, and M. Van-der-vlerk, Modeling Farmers' Response to Uncertain Rainfall in Burkina Faso: A Stochastic Programming Approach, Operations Research, vol.50, issue.3, pp.399-414, 2002.
DOI : 10.1287/opre.50.3.399.7749

M. Campbell, The role of socio-environmental networking in the sustainability of rain-fed agriculture in the coastal savanna of Ghana, GeoJournal, vol.15, issue.4, pp.79-88, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s10708-005-1212-x

W. Holthuijzen and J. Maximillian, Dry, hot, and brutal: climate change and desertification in the Sahel of Mali, J Sustain Dev Africa, vol.13, pp.245-268, 2011.

G. Yengoh, Climate and Food Production: Understanding Vulnerability from Past Trends in Africa???s Sudan-Sahel, Sustainability, vol.5, issue.1, pp.52-71, 2013.
DOI : 10.3390/su5010052

URL : http://doi.org/10.3390/su5010052

J. Nielsen and H. Vigh, Adaptive lives. Navigating the global food crisis in a changing climate, Global Environmental Change, vol.22, issue.3, pp.659-669, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.03.010

J. Grolle, Historical case studies of famines and migrations in the West African Sahel and their possible relevance now and in the future, Population and Environment, vol.125, issue.2, pp.181-206, 2015.
DOI : 10.1007/s11111-015-0237-4

C. Tacoli, Crisis or adaptation? Migration and climate change in a context of high mobility, Environment and Urbanization, vol.9, issue.8, pp.513-525, 2009.
DOI : 10.1177/0956247809342182

T. Hilhorst, J. Nelen, and N. Traoré, Agrarian change below the radar screen: Rising farmland acquisitions by domestic investors in West Africa. Results from a survey in Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger, p.29, 2011.

L. Cotula and S. Vermeulen, Deal or no deal: the outlook for agricultural land investment in Africa, International Affairs, vol.85, issue.6, pp.1233-1247, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1468-2346.2009.00859.x

J. Ribot, African decentralization: local actors, powers and accountability Available at: http:// www.unrisd.org/__80256b3c005bccf9, 2002.

. Unep, Livelihood Security: Climate Change, Migration and Conflict in the Sahel, Geneva: United Nations Environment, 2011.

C. Umutoni, Local conventions governing community participation in the decentralized management of natural resources: case study of mixed crop-livestock systems in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of West Africa, 2014.

F. Fauquet and A. Morel, Résilience des communautés rurales face à la crise écologique et foncière du Sahel l'exemple de la vallée d'Arewa (Niger central), Afr Contemp, vol.1, pp.77-89, 2006.
DOI : 10.3917/afco.217.89

URL : http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=AFCO_217_89

A. Reenberg, Insistent dryland narratives: portraits of knowledge about human-environmental interactions in Sahelian environment policy documents, West African J Appl Ecol, vol.20, pp.97-111, 2012.

M. Sivakumar, Interactions between climate and desertification, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.142, issue.2-4, pp.143-155, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.03.025

E. Nkonya, F. Place, J. Pender, M. Mwanjololo, A. Okhimamhe et al., Climate Risk Management Through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-319-09360-4_5

H. Barrett and A. Browne, Women's time, labour-saving devices and rural development in Africa, Community Development Journal, vol.29, issue.3, pp.203-214, 1994.
DOI : 10.1093/cdj/29.3.203

URL : http://cdj.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/29/3/203

T. Bierschenk, DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AS ARENAS OF NEGOTIATION FOR STRATEGIC GROUPS: A case study from B??nin, Sociologia Ruralis, vol.24, issue.2-3, pp.146-160, 1988.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-9523.1988.tb01035.x

T. Bierschenk, J. Chauveau, and O. De, Courtiers en développement: les villages africains en quête de projets, Paris: Karthala, p.328, 2000.

C. Roncoli, K. Ingram, and P. Kirshen, Reading the Rains: Local Knowledge and Rainfall Forecasting in Burkina Faso, Society & Natural Resources, vol.22, issue.5, pp.409-427, 2002.
DOI : 10.4324/9780203450994_chapter_10

S. Eriksen and L. J. , Adaptation as a Political Process: Adjusting to Drought and Conflict in Kenya???s Drylands, Environmental Management, vol.5, issue.5, pp.817-835, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s00267-008-9189-0

J. Cour, The Sahel in West Africa: countries in transition to a full market economy, Global Environmental Change, vol.11, issue.1, pp.31-47, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00043-1

T. Crane, C. Roncoli, and G. Hoogenboom, Adaptation to climate change and climate variability: The importance of understanding agriculture as performance, NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, vol.57, issue.3-4, pp.179-185, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.njas.2010.11.002

S. Berry, R??sum??, Africa, vol.24, issue.01, pp.41-55, 1989.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-7660.1987.tb00271.x

S. Berry and . Property, Property, Authority and Citizenship: Land Claims, Politics and the Dynamics of Social Division in West Africa, Development and Change, vol.64, issue.4, pp.23-45, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2009.01504.x

C. Pérez, E. Jones, P. Kristjanson, L. Cramer, P. Thornton et al., How resilient are farming households, communities, men and women to a changing climate in Africa? CCAFS Working Paper, 2014.

S. Berry, No Condition Is Permanent: The Social Dynamics of Agrarian Change in sub

L. Gray, What kind of intensification? Agricultural practice, soil fertility and socioeconomic differentiation in rural Burkina Faso, The Geographical Journal, vol.44, issue.1, pp.70-82, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00749951

A. Adams and S. Castle, Gender relations and household dynamics Population Policies Reconsidered: Health, Empowerment and Rights, pp.161-173, 1994.

B. Adi, Determinants of Agricultural and Non-agricultural Livelihood Strategies in Rural Communities: Evidence from Eastern Nigeria, The Journal of Developing Areas, vol.40, issue.2, pp.93-109, 2007.
DOI : 10.1353/jda.2007.0012

J. Nielsen and A. Reenberg, Cultural barriers to climate change adaptation: A case study from Northern Burkina Faso, Global Environmental Change, vol.20, issue.1, pp.142-152, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.10.002