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Are the Yellow and Red Marked Club-Tail Losaria coon the Same Species?

Abstract : Losaria coon (Fabricius, 1793) is currently comprised of ten subspecies, which were originally described under two names, Papilio coon and P. doubledayi before 1909, when they were combined as one species. The main difference between them is the colour of abdomen and hindwing subterminal spots—yellow in coon and red in doubledayi. Wing morphology, male and female genitalia, and molecular evidence (DNA barcodes) were analysed for multiple subspecies of L. coon and three other Losaria species—rhodifer, neptunus, and palu. Our molecular data support the separation of L. coon and L. doubledayi stat. rev. as two distinct species, with L. rhodifer positioned between them in phylogenetic analyses. Wing morphology and genitalic structures also confirm the molecular conclusions. Our findings divide L. coon into two species occupying different geographic ranges: with L. coon restricted to southern Sumatra, Java, and Bawean Island, while L. doubledayi occurs widely in regions from North India to northern Sumatra, including Hainan and Nicobar Islands. Hence, future conservation efforts must reassess the status and threat factors of the two species to form updated strategies.
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Soumis le : lundi 30 novembre 2020 - 18:08:37
Dernière modification le : mercredi 2 décembre 2020 - 03:37:38


Xu et al. 2020 - Insects.pdf
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Zhen-Bang Xu, Yun-Yu Wang, Fabien Condamine, Adam Cotton, Shao-Ji Hu. Are the Yellow and Red Marked Club-Tail Losaria coon the Same Species?. Insects, MDPI, 2020, 11 (6), pp.392. ⟨10.3390/insects11060392⟩. ⟨hal-03032146⟩



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